The current demand for mental health services is exceptionally high. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), one in five U.S. adults (or close to 53 million people)—and one in six children aged 6-17 (almost eight million kids)—experience mental illness yearly. Yet, over 150 million Americans live in areas with significant mental health professional shortages. Indeed, the mental health system may need as many as 250,000 new providers by 2025 to care for the number of Americans requiring treatment.
Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs) are qualified to assess, diagnose, and treat patients with mental health issues—and can help provide mental health care in communities where it’s needed most. Recent studies affirm PMHNPs’ capacity to successfully fill the gaps in mental health care and underscore how these advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) are underutilized. The clear-cut need for PMHNPs presently and in the near future mirrors figures generated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, which forecasts employment of nurse practitioners to grow by 38% between now and 2032.
Yale School of Nursing’s online Master of Science in Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) program prepares licensed registered nurses (RNs) to successfully treat patients with mental health disorders—so as PMHNPs, they can address the acute need for mental health care by expanding access, particularly for people living in rural and underserved communities.
What is a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP)?
Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners assess, diagnose, and treat people with mental health disorders and substance abuse issues. Their autonomy varies by state, but in full practice authority states, PMHNPs independently perform a full range of clinical duties, including administering mental health assessments, determining mental health diagnoses, ordering and interpreting tests, developing and implementing treatment plans, prescribing medication, coordinating patient care with other providers, and conducting psychotherapy sessions. Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners in reduced or restricted practice states perform many of these same duties under the supervision of a physician, with varying degrees of autonomy based on state guidelines.
PMHNPs provide mental health care in multiple settings, including areas traditionally underserved by mental health services, such as rural communities and Native American reservations. On average, PMHNPs see an average of 15 patients daily in hospitals, physicians’ offices, clinics, specialized care facilities, schools, correctional facilities, domestic violence shelters, substance abuse treatment centers, or their own private practices. The ability to provide care in multiple settings, coupled with the high demand for PMHNPs, means they can practice almost anywhere in the country—and they are well-compensated for their work. The median total income, including base salary, bonuses, and incentive payments, for full-time PMHNPs is around $121,610 (the median total income for RNs is $82,220).
The path to becoming a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner
Like other nursing specialties, there is a clear path to becoming a PMHNP that follows specific academic, clinical training, and certification and licensing requirements. It’s a challenging but achievable process for RNs committed to gaining the knowledge, expertise, and training necessary to deliver quality, impactful mental health care in their communities.
To become a practicing PMHNP, one first needs to earn a PMHNP master’s degree. To qualify for a PMHNP program, prospective students generally need a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or other nursing school degree and an active RN license. Prospective PMHNP students can expect to spend two to five years pursuing their master’s degree. YSN’s online PMHNP master’s program is designed to be completed in three years on a flexible, part-time basis.
All PMHNPs must pass the Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (Across the Lifespan) Certification (PMHNP-BC™) examination to be board-certified and qualified to practice (they also must adhere to state licensing requirements). To apply for certification, applicants must hold an active RN license and a PMHNP master’s degree from an accredited program that includes 500 faculty-supervised clinical hours (and there are specific curricular and clinical training requirements).
YSN’s online PMHNP master’s program features a curriculum taught by YSN’s world-renowned faculty of clinical practitioners (one of the few nursing schools with a practicing faculty) that prepares students for their PMHNP-BC exam and successful careers as clinicians. As a part of their education, students undergo over 900 hours of clinical experience in a variety of health care settings supervised by YSN-vetted preceptors. (Accessibility to clinical sites varies from state to state and a means of transportation will be required. There may be instances where students may need to travel to their clinical experience.)
Prerequisites for enrolling in Yale School of Nursing’s PMHNP program
For registered nurses interested in applying to YSN’s online Master of Science in Nursing Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner program, the minimum admission requirements include a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university and graduation from a school of nursing approved by its state’s licensing board with at least a 3.0 cumulative GPA. Prospective applicants with a cumulative GPA below 3.0 may earn an exception to that requirement by providing GRE scores in the fiftieth percentile or higher in all sections. Otherwise, GRE scores are not required.
There is no set clinical experience requirement to apply to the online MSN Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) program. However, the strongest candidates typically have exposure to psychiatric settings and possess a demonstrated interest in caring for people with mental health needs.
YSN’s online PMHNP program has no work experience requirement. Nursing students finishing their programs are welcome to apply before completing their nursing degrees. However, they must obtain RN licensure by the time they enroll—all YSN PMHNP students must hold active RN licenses.
Prospective PMHNP students meeting these prerequisites must submit a current resume or curriculum vitae, three letters of recommendation (from people who have supervised the candidate in an academic, professional, or clinical setting), unofficial transcripts, and a 600-word essay alongside two 300-word essay answers to prompts in the online application. Students applying from foreign countries who plan to reside in the United States while earning their YSN PMHNP degree may also need to submit English proficiency exam results (TOEFL or IELTS) and World Education Services (WES) evaluations of any coursework taken outside of the U.S. or Canada.
The online YSN PMHNP program is not currently offered to students residing in New York, Tennessee, or foreign countries.